I was trying to renew my EHIC card and found it wasn’t free any more. Is it? I searched some discussions (e.g., here) and realised that websites like this and this are spoof sites. They charge you £9 plus for the online service. How annoying it is!
As such thing happens, I wonder if detecting fake resources will be a part of information/digital literacy skills?
To avoid unpleasant online experience, I would suggest:
- If you have any doubts of the website/email, don’t continue! Do some research and ask other people.
- If you don’t know much about the service shown on the website, don’t carry on! Do some research, read the Terms and Conditions, or ask other people.
- Be suspicious of any website/email that asks for your personal or financial information.
- Check the address starts with “https://” rather than just “http://”.
- Check if the logo or text on the website/email appears in poor resolution.
- Check if it provides a full UK postal address, location, and telephone number. Phone them and check it out.
- Install comprehensive security software.
- Use common sense – ‘if it looks too good to be true, it probably is’.
- Educate yourself and keep your awareness of cyber security.
Some research studies :
- Abbasi, A. & Chen H. (2009), “A comparison of fraud cues and classification methods for fake escrow website detection“. Information Technology and Management, 10 (2-3), 83-101.
- Abbasi, A. & Chen H. (2009), “A Comparison of Tools for Detecting Fake Websites“, Computer, 42 (10), 78-86.
- Abbasi, A. et al. (2010), “Detecting Fake Websites: the Contribution of Statistical Learning Theory“, MIS Quarterly, 34 (3), 1-28.
- Dhamija, R. et al. (2006), “Why Phishing Works“. In: CHI ’06 Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human Factors in computing systems, April 22-27, 2006. Montréal, Québec, Canada.
- How to identify fake websites and scams
- How to spot a fake web site – Phishing
- How to Spot a Fake Website and Not Get Phished
- Need Help, How to Spot a Fake Website
- Tips To Spot Fake Websites